Systematic review of diffusion and perfusion imaging in acute ischemic stroke

Sl. Keir et Jm. Wardlaw, Systematic review of diffusion and perfusion imaging in acute ischemic stroke, STROKE, 31(11), 2000, pp. 2723-2731
Citations number
Categorie Soggetti
Neurology,"Cardiovascular & Hematology Research
Journal title
ISSN journal
0039-2499 → ACNP
Year of publication
2723 - 2731
SICI code
Background and Purpose-Recent advances in neuroimaging have raised hopes of early and accurate identification of ischemic brain and the discrimination of dead from salvageable tissue. We sought to determine whether the data p ublished so far are enough to establish the roles of these techniques in ev eryday clinical practice. Methods-A systematic review of studies of MR diffusion-weighted imaging (DW I), perfusion imaging (PI), or a combination of the two, in human stroke, e xcluding abstracts and case reports. One reviewer extracted information on the size of each study, its main purpose, methodological details, and resul ts. Results-We identified 47 studies of DWI, 18 studies of MR PI alone or in co mbination with another advanced imaging modality, and 19 studies of DWI and PI together, Although high proportions of the studies were prospective and gave good details of the imaging sequences used, the majority gave very li mited details on patient selection and clinical characteristics or blinded imaging assessment. Pathophysiological changes were inferred from DWI/PI pa tterns that were not supported by other data. Conclusions-Despite considerable enthusiasm for and promise of these techni ques, there is not sufficient information available in these studies to ena ble us to draw firm conclusions about the sensitivity and specificity of th ese techniques for identification of either ischemic lesions not visible by other means or salvageable tissue. Future studies should include larger nu mbers of carefully described patients, assess the contribution of DWI over and above other imaging, obtain follow-up at an appropriate time interval t o determine accurate clinical and neuroradiological outcomes, and assess DW I/PI abnormality with reperfusion in randomized treatment trials. Investiga tors should also be encouraged to combine their individual patient data in meta-analyses to obtain a more robust assessment of the value of DWI and PI from larger sample sizes.