International issues in the supply of tobacco: recent changes and implications for alcohol

Citation
Fj. Chaloupka et R. Nair, International issues in the supply of tobacco: recent changes and implications for alcohol, ADDICTION, 95(12), 2000, pp. S477-S489
Citations number
39
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Public Health & Health Care Science","Clinical Psycology & Psychiatry
Journal title
ADDICTION
ISSN journal
0965-2140 → ACNP
Volume
95
Issue
12
Year of publication
2000
Supplement
4
Pages
S477 - S489
Database
ISI
SICI code
0965-2140(200012)95:12<S477:IIITSO>2.0.ZU;2-#
Abstract
This paper reviews international issues in the supply of tobacco and tobacc o products, including trade liberalization and globalization. The paper beg ins with a brief discussion of the theoretical foundations for trade and tr ade restrictions. This is followed by a description of the treatment of tob acco and tobacco products in recent multi-lateral, regional and bilateral t rade agreements, as well as a short discussion of the recent globalization of the tobacco industry. Included in this description is a review of the em pirical evidence on the impact of trade liberalization on tobacco use. The implications of two recently proposed international agreements-the Multilat eral Agreement on Investments and the Framework Convention for Tobacco Cont rol-are then discussed. The paper concludes by summarizing the theoretical and empirical evidence that shows clearly that trade liberalization has sig nificantly increased tobacco use, particularly in low and middle-income cou ntries, and follows this with a discussion of the lessons learned from toba cco for controlling alcohol supply.