Noninvasive assessment of brachial artery endothelial function with digital ultrasound and 13-MHz scanning frequency: Feasibility of measuring the true inner luminal diameter using the intima-lumen interface

Citation
Mj. Jarvisalo et al., Noninvasive assessment of brachial artery endothelial function with digital ultrasound and 13-MHz scanning frequency: Feasibility of measuring the true inner luminal diameter using the intima-lumen interface, ULTRASOUN M, 26(8), 2000, pp. 1257-1260
Citations number
14
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Radiology ,Nuclear Medicine & Imaging
Journal title
ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY
ISSN journal
0301-5629 → ACNP
Volume
26
Issue
8
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1257 - 1260
Database
ISI
SICI code
0301-5629(200010)26:8<1257:NAOBAE>2.0.ZU;2-O
Abstract
Previous studies assessing endothelial function as flow-mediated changes in the brachial artery diameter have not been able to measure the true inner luminal diameter. This is due to the lack of image quality, which has hampe red the visualisation of the lumen-intimal interface. Because increases in resolution and scanning frequency have recently led to improved ultrasound (US) image quality, we assessed the feasibility of measuring the true brach ial artery diameter using digital US and 13-MHz scanning frequency. Satisfa ctory true inner diameter measurements were obtained in all subjects (n = 1 48, middle-aged men, mean age 54 +/- 7 y) participating in a risk factor st udy. At baseline flow, the intima to intima diameter was 4.03 +/- 0.49 and 4.67 +/- 0.52 mm measured conventionally from the anterior to the posterior media-adventitia interface (difference 0.63 +/- 0.10 mm). After hyperaemia , the intima to intima diameter was 4.23 +/- 0.46 mm and the adventitia to adventitia diameter 4.86 +/- 0.50 mm. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) expresse d as the percentage change from the baseline diameter measured 5.3 +/- 4.3% using the true inner diameters and 4.3 +/- 3.7% using the conventional out er diameters. The difference in FMD values was systematic, and there was a good linear correlation between them (r = 0.93,p < 0.0001). If FMD is prese nted as the percentage change from baseline to hyperaemia, this new method gives values that are approximately 1% unit higher, compared with values wh en brachial luminal diameter is measured in the conventional way between th e adventitia-media interfaces. (C) 2000 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology.