Do social support interventions ("buddy systems") aid smoking cessation? Areview

Authors
Citation
S. May et R. West, Do social support interventions ("buddy systems") aid smoking cessation? Areview, TOB CONTROL, 9(4), 2000, pp. 415-422
Citations number
48
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Public Health & Health Care Science","Envirnomentale Medicine & Public Health
Journal title
TOBACCO CONTROL
ISSN journal
0964-4563 → ACNP
Volume
9
Issue
4
Year of publication
2000
Pages
415 - 422
Database
ISI
SICI code
0964-4563(200012)9:4<415:DSSI(S>2.0.ZU;2-0
Abstract
Objective-To provide an overview of the role of social support in smoking c essation and to critically review evidence regarding the use of "buddy syst ems" (where smokers are specifically provided with someone to support them) to aid smoking cessation. Data sources-Studies were located by searching Medline and Psyclit using th e key words "smoking", "smoking cessation", "social support", and "buddy" A dditional studies were identified through reference lists. Only studies rep orted in English and published since 1980 were included. Study selection-Studies were selected on four criteria: publication in a pe er reviewed journal; randomised controlled trial using smokers who wanted t o stop; the use of a social support intervention, including a "buddy"; depe ndent variable of smoking abstinence. Most research in this area does not u se a randomised design so only a small proportion of the originally identif ied studies were included. Data synthesis-In view of the diverse nature of the studies, a meta-analysi s was not attempted. Ten studies were identified: nine were clinic based sm oking trials, eight used a group format, and nine used buddies from among s mokers' existing relationships. Support training varied from role play and rehearsal to a simple instruction to call each other regularly. Interventio n and follow up periods varied between studies. Two studies showed a signif icant benefit of the intervention in the short term. Conclusions-Research methodology in many cases was poor. The evidence would suggest that in the context of a smokers clinic the use of buddies may be of some benefit. There is a lack of evidence regarding the efficacy of the use of buddies in community interventions. This is an important area for fu ture research.