Problem drinking among hospitalized patients in Hungary

Citation
Z. Varvasovszky et M. Mckee, Problem drinking among hospitalized patients in Hungary, ALC ALCOHOL, 35(6), 2000, pp. 574-579
Citations number
37
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Clinical Psycology & Psychiatry","Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
ALCOHOL AND ALCOHOLISM
ISSN journal
0735-0414 → ACNP
Volume
35
Issue
6
Year of publication
2000
Pages
574 - 579
Database
ISI
SICI code
0735-0414(200011/12)35:6<574:PDAHPI>2.0.ZU;2-A
Abstract
Alcohol is an important determinant of the overall burden of disease in Eas tern Europe. It is a particularly important problem in Hungary, where death rates from cirrhosis have increased rapidly to levels much higher than in neighbouring countries. This study sought to describe the prevalence of pro blem drinking among the hospitalized population in Hungary by means of a su rvey of self-reported alcohol consumption and of the prevalence of current or lifetime problem drinking among hospitalized patients in the four teachi ng hospitals in Hungary A survey was conducted of all patients (n = 3140) a dmitted to medical, surgical, trauma, psychiatric and neurological wards ov er a 2-week period in 1997 who stayed in hospital for at least 24 h, using a survey instrument based on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and Luebeck Alcoholism Screening Test (LAST) instruments designed t o screen for current and lifetime problem drinking respectively. In all, 23 .5% of men and over 53.5% of women reported never drinking alcohol. Of thos e who did drink, about one in eight men and less than 1% of women reported drinking 5 or more drinks on a day when they drank. Whether defined by LAST or AUDIT, the prevalence of problem drinking was similar to 19% among men and 2% among women, although this rose to 32-35% among men aged 35-44 years . The rate did not vary significantly with employment or education, but was higher among those who were divorced. These high rates of problem drinking indicate the need for coherent policies on alcohol in Hungary.