Interventional therapy of iliac artery lesions with a new premounted balloon-expandable stent.

Citation
B. Djavidani et al., Interventional therapy of iliac artery lesions with a new premounted balloon-expandable stent., ROFO-F RONT, 172(11), 2000, pp. 911-917
Citations number
21
Language
TEDESCO
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Radiology ,Nuclear Medicine & Imaging
Journal title
ROFO-FORTSCHRITTE AUF DEM GEBIET DER RONTGENSTRAHLEN UND DER BILDGEBENDEN VERFAHREN
ISSN journal
1438-9029 → ACNP
Volume
172
Issue
11
Year of publication
2000
Pages
911 - 917
Database
ISI
SICI code
1438-9029(200011)172:11<911:ITOIAL>2.0.ZU;2-J
Abstract
Purpose: Evaluation of the handling, technical success rate and six month p atency rate of a new, premounted balloon-expandable stent in iliac artery l esions. Materials and methods: In a prospective study 26 stenoses and 3 occ lusions of the iliac arteries were primary treated in 24 patients (Fontaine IIa-III, mean age 60.4 year) with the "Flexible Iliac Bridge Stent" (Medtr onic AVE, Dusseldorf). Five patients had bilateral stenoses. The ankle-brac hial index (ABI) ire rest and after exercise was determined before the inte rvention as well as 1-3 days, 1 and 6 months after the intervention. The ha ndling and visibility of the stent was scored on a three grade scale by the operators. Follow-up angiography including intraarterial pressure measurem ent was performed in 17 out of 24 patients (21 out of 29 lesions) after 6 m onths. Results: All 29 lesions were treated with technical success by impla ntation of 36 stents. The mean degree of the stenoses before intervention w as 72.7+/-13.8% (+/-1 standard deviation) and less than 5% in all cases pos tinterventionally. The mean pressure gradient before and after stent placem ent was 21+/-13.1 mm Hg and 0.8+/-2.3 mm Hg, respectively. The Fontaine sta ge improved by at least one in all patients. The mean ABI at rest improved from 0.63+/-0.15 to 0.89+/-0.16, and after exercise from 0.46+/-0.17 to 0.8 +/-0.2, respectively. At 6 months 2 lesions out of 21 (9.5%) showed a reste nosis of 55% and 70% with an intraarterial pressure gradient of 16 mm Hg an d 27 mm Hg, respectively. After 6 months the mean ABI at rest decreased to 0.83+/-0.13, and to 0.72+/-0.14 after exercise. Handling and visibility was scored as good by all operators. Conclusion: Endoluminal therapy of iliac artery lesions with the used stent is safe and effective. The six month pat ency rate is comparable to the published data of other stents.