Gastrointestinal infections in children are a major cause of morbidity and
mortality worldwide. Children living in developing countries are particular
ly susceptible to infectious diarrhea because of poor standards of hygiene
and sanitation. Although the magnitude of diarrheal illnesses in developed
countries is less, costly hospital admissions are still frequent, The causa
l agent of infectious diarrhea is most frequently related to age, geographi
cal location, lifestyle habits, use of antibiotics, associated medical cond
itions, social circumstances, and degree of immune competence. In this arti
cle we present some of the most important articles published in the field d
uring the last year. The role of Helicobacter pylori in the pathogenensis o
f gastritis and peptic ulcer disease has been shown in adults and children.
Information about the natural history of H. pylori, symptomatology, and di
agnostic therapeutic approaches for children are being generated constantly
; we discuss some of the most relevant information in this review. (C) 2001
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.