Repeatability of pheromone blend composition in individual males of the southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula

Citation
N. Miklas et al., Repeatability of pheromone blend composition in individual males of the southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula, J CHEM ECOL, 26(11), 2000, pp. 2473-2485
Citations number
18
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Environment/Ecology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ECOLOGY
ISSN journal
0098-0331 → ACNP
Volume
26
Issue
11
Year of publication
2000
Pages
2473 - 2485
Database
ISI
SICI code
0098-0331(200011)26:11<2473:ROPBCI>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Abstract
The males of Nezara viridula (Heteroptera, Pentatomidae) produce a blend of four terpenoid compounds. The proportion of these four compounds varies am ong different populations. The terpenoid content of the volatile emission f rom individual males of a French population was monitored for several days with headspace solid-phase microextraction. The total amount of terpenoid c ompounds collected on an SPME fiber from one virgin male bug emitting over the course of 1 hr was very variable between samples. More than 50% of male s released pheromone, at least during one part of the observation period. T he relative percentages of bisabolene, nerolidol, trans-bisabolene epoxide, and cis-bisabolene epoxide were calculated and compared. The proportion of nerolidol in the blend showed a large dispersion between samples and a hig h coefficient of variation. The percentage values for bisabolene and its tr ans and cis epoxides were less dispersed, and the coefficients of variation for both epoxides were low. The proportion of trans epoxide relative to th e two epoxides, which has been considered characteristic of pheromone strai ns of N. viridula, showed the smallest coefficient of variation. The repeat ability index (RI) varied between 0.57 and 0.85 for the four compounds. Rep eatability was particularly high for the two epoxide isomers. Stability in epoxide production was confirmed by statistical analysis (ANOVA), which rev ealed significant differences in the percentages of cis and trans epoxides between individuals. Correspondingly, the RI of the ratio of trans to cis trans epoxides was over 0.8. Our study confirms the existence of an interi ndividual variation of the trans to cis epoxide ratio within populations of Nezara viridula but indicates that each individual reproducibly emits both isomers in the same proportion day after day.