Primary proton spectrum between 200 TeV and 1000 TeV observed with the Tibet burst detector and air shower array - art. no. 112002

Citation
M. Amenomori et al., Primary proton spectrum between 200 TeV and 1000 TeV observed with the Tibet burst detector and air shower array - art. no. 112002, PHYS REV D, 6211(11), 2000, pp. 2002
Citations number
36
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Physics
Journal title
PHYSICAL REVIEW D
ISSN journal
0556-2821 → ACNP
Volume
6211
Issue
11
Year of publication
2000
Database
ISI
SICI code
0556-2821(200012)6211:11<2002:PPSB2T>2.0.ZU;2-5
Abstract
Since 1996, a hybrid experiment consisting of the emulsion chamber and burs t detector array and the Tibet-II air-shower array has been operated at Yan gbajing (4300 m above sea level, 606 g/cm(2)) in Tibet. This experiment can detect air-shower cores, called bunt events. accompanied by air showers in excess of about 100 TeV. We observed about 4300 burst events accompanied b y air showers during 690 days of operation and selected 820 proton-induced events with its primary energy above 200 TeV using a neural network method. Using this data set, we obtained the energy spectrum of primary protons in the energy range from 200 to 1000 TeV. The differential energy spectrum ob tained in this energy region can be fitted by a power law with the index of - 2.97 +/- 0.06, which is steeper than that obtained by direct measurement s at lower energies. We also obtained the energy spectrum of helium nuclei at particle energies around 1000 TeV.