Intuitive covariation assessment of the illusory correlation

Citation
Mc. Yates et al., Intuitive covariation assessment of the illusory correlation, J GEN PSYCH, 127(4), 2000, pp. 397-411
Citations number
29
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN journal
0022-1309 → ACNP
Volume
127
Issue
4
Year of publication
2000
Pages
397 - 411
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-1309(200010)127:4<397:ICAOTI>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Abstract
Most of the research concerned with the illusory correlation is modeled aft er the seminar work of D. L. Hamilton and R. K. Gifford (1976). However, S. A. Haslam and C. McGarty (1994) have voiced concerns over the dependent me asures used within this paradigm. Therefore, in this study, the authors tes ted a new dependent variable that has high face validity. This measure was modeled after the work of J. R. McGahan and R. Wight (1989) and consisted o f a set of propositional statements representing either the illusory correl ation, the contingency opposite the illusory correlation, or the nonconting ency. A second purpose of this study was to validate other studies that hav e used dependent measures modeled after the work of J. R. McGahan and R. Wi ght (1989). Demonstrating that this measure can be used to detect a well-do cumented phenomenon (i.e., the illusory correlation) would strengthen the r esults and conclusions from other studies. To this end, results from 2 expe riments indicate that this measure does provide a valid alternative to thos e measures that are commonly used in illusory correlation studies. The resu lts thereby give credence to other studies that have used similar dependent measures.