Objective: To determine if total nucleated cell counts alone are sufficient
for predicting the efficacy of cord blood units for transplant from neonat
al umbilical cord blood samples.
Methods: Umbilical cord blood samples were collected from 200 mothers at de
livery and the cord blood units processed, The total nucleated cells and CD
34+ cells were enumerated and compared for each sample.
Results: Despite an apparent linear correlation between total nucleated cel
l counts and CD34+ cell counts, each group of total nucleated cell counts d
emonstrated a high degree of variation in CD34+ cell counts and could be as
low as 0.1% of total nucleated cell counts.
Conclusions: Large variations in CD34+ cell counts per total nucleated cell
count are present for cord blood units from neonatal umbilical cord sample
s. Hence a CD34+ cell count for each cord blood unit would improve selectio
n of samples for transplant. Copyright (C) 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel.