Remodeling of carotid artery is associated with increased expression of matrix metalloproteinases in mouse blood flow cessation model

Citation
D. Godin et al., Remodeling of carotid artery is associated with increased expression of matrix metalloproteinases in mouse blood flow cessation model, CIRCULATION, 102(23), 2000, pp. 2861-2866
Citations number
29
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Systems","Cardiovascular & Hematology Research
Journal title
CIRCULATION
ISSN journal
0009-7322 → ACNP
Volume
102
Issue
23
Year of publication
2000
Pages
2861 - 2866
Database
ISI
SICI code
0009-7322(200012)102:23<2861:ROCAIA>2.0.ZU;2-7
Abstract
Background-The matrix-degrading activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs ), required for cell migration and general tissue reshaping, is thought ess ential for pathological arterial remodeling in atherosclerosis and restenos is. Methods and Results-We triggered remodeling of the carotid artery in C57BL/ 6 mice by blood flow cessation to study the relationship with gelatinases M MP-9 and MMP-2. Ligated and contralateral carotid arteries from ligated and sham-operated mice were harvested fresh, for biochemical analyses, or were perfusion-fixed, for histological studies, at 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, and 28 days after ligation. An early statistically significant (P<0.01) 4- to 5-fold in crease in MMP-9 expression detected by SDS-PAGE zymography and Western blot ting in tissue homogenates of ligated carotid arteries 1 day after flow ces sation was maintained through day 7, after which expression gradually fell. Maximal MMP-9 levels were higher than MMP-2 levels, which became significa ntly increased 7 days after ligation. Proliferating cells, identified by br omodeoxyuridine incorporation, were detectable at day 1 in the adventitia a nd subsequently throughout the wall. Neointima was visible in 3-day specime ns of ligated arteries. Suggested by morphology and predicted by theoretica l considerations, maximal MMP-9 expression coincided with cell migration in to the neointima, supporting its enabling role. Morphological measurements also demonstrated positive lumen remodeling up to 7 days after ligation. Conclusions-MMP-9 induction is associated with the formation of intimal hyp erplasia and does not require frank mechanical injury. Our data also show t hat a significant increase in MMP-9 expression preceded the positive geomet rical remodeling of arteries, suggesting a potentially beneficial role for this matrix-degrading enzyme.