The information content of a character under a Markov model of evolution

Citation
M. Shpak et Ga. Churchill, The information content of a character under a Markov model of evolution, MOL PHYL EV, 17(2), 2000, pp. 231-243
Citations number
35
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biology,"Experimental Biology
Journal title
MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION
ISSN journal
1055-7903 → ACNP
Volume
17
Issue
2
Year of publication
2000
Pages
231 - 243
Database
ISI
SICI code
1055-7903(200011)17:2<231:TICOAC>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
The rate of evolutionary change associated with a character determines its utility for the reconstruction of phylogenetic history. For a given age of lineage splits, we examine the information content of a character to assess the magnitude and range of an optimal rate of substitution. On the one han d an optimal transition rate must provide sufficiently many character chang es to distinguish subclades, whereas on the other hand changes must be suff iciently rare that reversals on a single branch (and hence homoplasy) are u ncommon. In this study, we evolve binary characters over three tree topolog ies with fixed branch lengths, while varying transition rate as a parameter . We use the character state distribution obtained to measure the "informat ion content" of a character given a transition rate. This is done with resp ect to several criteria-the probability of obtaining the correct tree using parsimony, the probability of infering the correct ancestral state, and Sh annon-Weaver and Fisher information measures on the configuration of probab ility distributions. All of the information measures suggest the intuitive result of the existence of optimal rates for phylogeny reconstruction. This nonzero optimum is less pronounced if one conditions on there having been a change, in which case the parsimony-based results of minimum change being the most informative tends to hold. (C) 2000 Academic Press.