Mesospheric and lower thermospheric winds at Middle Europe and Northern Scandinavia during the Leonid 1999 meteor storm

Citation
W. Singer et al., Mesospheric and lower thermospheric winds at Middle Europe and Northern Scandinavia during the Leonid 1999 meteor storm, EARTH MOON, 82-3, 2000, pp. 565-574
Citations number
6
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Space Sciences
Journal title
EARTH MOON AND PLANETS
ISSN journal
0167-9295 → ACNP
Volume
82-3
Year of publication
2000
Pages
565 - 574
Database
ISI
SICI code
0167-9295(2000)82-3:<565:MALTWA>2.0.ZU;2-I
Abstract
We report observations of winds in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere du ring the Leonid meteor storm of November 17/18, 1999. The observations were obtained at five radar sites in Middle Europe and Northern Scandinavia usi ng meteor radars in Germany and Northern Sweden, Medium Frequency (MF) rada rs in Germany and Northern Norway and Low Frequency (LF) wind measurements in Germany. We present hourly means of zonal and meridional winds covering the altitude range 82 km to 106 km. At mid-latitudes (52 degrees - 54 degre esN) we observe strong eastward and southward directed winds during the sto rm phase of the Leonid shower in the early morning hours of November 18 whe reas eastward and northward directed winds are dominating at high latitudes (67 degrees - 69 degreesN). Strong semidiurnal and weaker diurnal tidal os cillations are observed in the wind field at both latitudes at altitudes ab ove 90 km.