Perioperative myocardial ischemia in cataract surgery patients: General versus local anesthesia

Citation
L. Glantz et al., Perioperative myocardial ischemia in cataract surgery patients: General versus local anesthesia, ANESTH ANAL, 91(6), 2000, pp. 1415-1419
Citations number
13
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Aneshtesia & Intensive Care","Medical Research Diagnosis & Treatment
Journal title
ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA
ISSN journal
0003-2999 → ACNP
Volume
91
Issue
6
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1415 - 1419
Database
ISI
SICI code
0003-2999(200012)91:6<1415:PMIICS>2.0.ZU;2-D
Abstract
Patients having cataract surgery are usually elderly and have risk factors for ischemic heart disease. We sought to determine the incidence of periope rative myocardial ischemia in patients having cataract surgery and compare the influence of local anesthesia (LA) and general anesthesia (GA). Eighty- one patients undergoing cataract surgery with at least two risk factors for ischemic heart disease were monitored continuously for 24 h by using elect rocardiogram leads II and V5 and a Holter recorder (Medilog 4500, Oxford Lt d, UK). Patients were randomly allocated to two groups, either LA (n = 39) or GA (n = 42). Tn the LA group, a peribulbar block was performed, whereas a similar block was performed in the GA group after tracheal intubation. Th e study demonstrated that cataract patients suffered from a frequent incide nce of perioperative myocardial ischemia (31%). There was no difference in the incidence rate between the groups: 12 of 39 in the LA group and 13 of 4 2 in the GA group (P = NS). However, the number of ischemic episodes was si gnificantly increased in the GA group (18 vs 13 in the LA group) (P < 0.05) , and there were significantly more intraoperatively in the GA group (8 vs 1) (P < 0.01). All intraoperative ischemic events were associated with tach ycardia (greater than or equal to 20% of baseline), whereas postoperative i schemic changes were mostly independent of heart rate. Only one of the isch emic patients tin the GA group) was admitted as a result of intractable che st pain. There were significantly less intraoperative episodes in the LA gr oup, suggesting that LA may be safer than GA in patients during this type o f surgery.