Comparing Doppler ultrasonography and cerebral oximetry as indicators for shunting in carotid endarterectomy

Citation
G. Grubhofer et al., Comparing Doppler ultrasonography and cerebral oximetry as indicators for shunting in carotid endarterectomy, ANESTH ANAL, 91(6), 2000, pp. 1339-1344
Citations number
25
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Aneshtesia & Intensive Care","Medical Research Diagnosis & Treatment
Journal title
ANESTHESIA AND ANALGESIA
ISSN journal
0003-2999 → ACNP
Volume
91
Issue
6
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1339 - 1344
Database
ISI
SICI code
0003-2999(200012)91:6<1339:CDUACO>2.0.ZU;2-V
Abstract
To determine the thresholds of selective shunting in carotid endarterectomy during general anesthesia, we compared transcranial Doppler ultrasonograph y and cerebral oximetry (RSO2). During carotid crossclamping, RSO2 and mean blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery (Vm,mca) was simultaneou sly monitored in 55 of 59 patients. A relative decrease in Vm,mca to <20% o f preclamp velocity was the indication for selective shunting. Three patien ts were shunted, two because of criteria of Vm,mca and one in which Vm,mca measurements were impossible. No postoperative neurological deficits occurr ed. During cross-clamping, both Vm,mca (42 +/- 16 vs 26 +/- 12 cm/s; P < 0. 001) and RSO2 (68 +/- 7% vs 62 +/- 8%; P < 0.01) decreased and a significan t correlation between %Vm,mca and <Delta>RSO2 was found (R-2 = 0.40; P = 0. 003). Decreases in RSO2 > 13% identified two patients later shunted; howeve r, this threshold would have indicated unnecessary shunting in seven patien ts (false positives = 17%). Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography identified patients at risk for ischemia more accurately than RSO2. Relying on RSO2 a lone would increase the number of unnecessary shunts because of the low spe cificity. Accepting higher decreases in RSO2 does not appear reasonable bec ause it bears the risk of a low sensitivity.