Technology transfer of energy efficient technologies in industry: a reviewof trends and policy issues

Citation
E. Worrell et al., Technology transfer of energy efficient technologies in industry: a reviewof trends and policy issues, ENERG POLIC, 29(1), 2001, pp. 29-43
Citations number
86
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Social Work & Social Policy","Environmental Engineering & Energy
Journal title
ENERGY POLICY
ISSN journal
0301-4215 → ACNP
Volume
29
Issue
1
Year of publication
2001
Pages
29 - 43
Database
ISI
SICI code
0301-4215(200101)29:1<29:TTOEET>2.0.ZU;2-S
Abstract
In 1995, industry accounted for 41% of global energy use. Although the effi ciency of industrial processes has increased greatly during the past decade s, energy efficiency improvements remain the major opportunity to reduce CO , emissions. Industrialisation may affect the environment adversely, stress ing the need for transfer of cleaner technologies to developing countries. A review of trends, barriers and opportunities for technology transfer is p resented. Technology transfer is a process involving assessment, agreement, implementation, evaluation and adaptation, and repetition. Institutional b arriers and policies influence the transaction process, as well as the effi ciency of the transfer process, in particular in the adaptation and repetit ion stages of the technology transfer process. Investments in industrial te chnology are dominated by the private sector. In industry, energy efficienc y is often the result of investments in modern equipment, stressing the imp ortance and need for environmentally sound and long-term investment policie s. The interactive and dynamic character of technology transfer stresses th e need for innovative and flexible approaches, through partnerships between various stakeholders. Adaptation of technology to local conditions is esse ntial, but practices vary widely. Countries that spend on average more on a daptation, seem to be more successful in technology transfer, hence success ful technology transfer depends on transfer of technological capabilities. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.