Phylogeny of the SOX family of developmental transcription factors based on sequence and structural indicators

Citation
J. Bowles et al., Phylogeny of the SOX family of developmental transcription factors based on sequence and structural indicators, DEVELOP BIO, 227(2), 2000, pp. 239-255
Citations number
91
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Cell & Developmental Biology
Journal title
DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY
ISSN journal
0012-1606 → ACNP
Volume
227
Issue
2
Year of publication
2000
Pages
239 - 255
Database
ISI
SICI code
0012-1606(20001115)227:2<239:POTSFO>2.0.ZU;2-6
Abstract
Members of the SOX family of transcription factors are found throughout the animal kingdom, are characterized by the presence of a DNA-binding HMG dom ain, and are involved in a diverse range of developmental processes. Previo us attempts to group SOX genes and deduce their structural, functional, and evolutionary relationships have relied largely on complete or partial HMG box sequence of a limited number of genes. In this study, we have used comp lete HMG domain sequence, full-length protein structure, and gene organizat ion data to study the pattern of evolution within the family. For the first time, a substantial number of invertebrate SOX sequences have been include d in the analysis. We find support for subdivision of the family into group s A-H, as has been suggested in some previous studies, and for the assignme nt of two new groups, I and J. For vertebrate genes, it appears that relate dness as suggested by HMG domain sequence is congruent with relatedness as indicated by overall structure of the full-length protein and intron-exon s tructure of the genes. Most of the SOX groups identified in vertebrates wer e represented by a single SOX sequence in each invertebrate species studied . We have named anonymous sequences and, where appropriate, have suggested systematic names for some previously identified sequences. In addition, we identify an HMG domain signature motif which may be considered representati ve of the SOX family. Based on our data, we propose a robust phylogeny of S OX genes that reflects their evolutionary history in metazoans. (C) 2000 Ac ademic Press.