Attitudes toward the computer: construct validation of an instrument with scales differentiated by content

Citation
T. Richter et al., Attitudes toward the computer: construct validation of an instrument with scales differentiated by content, COMP HUM BE, 16(5), 2000, pp. 473-491
Citations number
35
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
COMPUTERS IN HUMAN BEHAVIOR
ISSN journal
0747-5632 → ACNP
Volume
16
Issue
5
Year of publication
2000
Pages
473 - 491
Database
ISI
SICI code
0747-5632(200009)16:5<473:ATTCCV>2.0.ZU;2-J
Abstract
In the present study, the construct validity of an instrument for the conte nt-differentiated assessment of attitudes toward the computer is examined. The instrument is designed primarily for university students of the humanit ies and the social sciences. It contains eight scales related to different content aspects which are based on three dichotomous distinctions: (1) the computer as an instrument for learning and working versus the computer as a n instrument for entertainment and communication; (2) personal experience w ith the computer versus consequences of computer technology for society; an d (3) the computer as a 'beneficial tool' versus the computer as an 'autono mous entity' (cf Brock & Sulsky, 1994. Attitudes toward computers: construc t validation and relations to computer use. Journal of Organizational Behav ior, 15, 17-35). For validation purposes, confirmatory factor analyses were conducted (n=232). The measurement model of content-differentiated scales was contrasted with five more restrictive (nested) models assuming bidimens ionality ('beneficial tool' vs.;autonomous entity'), and estimates for the reliability and discriminant validity of the eight attitude scales were com puted. The results fully corroborate the measurement model of content-diffe rentiated scales. Consequences for the assessment of attitudes toward the c omputer in general are discussed. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.