Selective upregulated expression of the alpha(2)-macroglobulin signaling receptor in highly metastatic 1-LN prostate carcinoma cells

Citation
Ir. Asplin et al., Selective upregulated expression of the alpha(2)-macroglobulin signaling receptor in highly metastatic 1-LN prostate carcinoma cells, ARCH BIOCH, 383(1), 2000, pp. 135-141
Citations number
51
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biochemistry & Biophysics
Journal title
ARCHIVES OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS
ISSN journal
0003-9861 → ACNP
Volume
383
Issue
1
Year of publication
2000
Pages
135 - 141
Database
ISI
SICI code
0003-9861(20001101)383:1<135:SUEOTA>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Abstract
Cellular binding of receptor-recognized forms of alpha (2)-macroglobulin (a lpha M-2*) is mediated by the low-density lipoprotein receptor related prot ein (LRP) and the alpha M-2 signaling receptor (alpha 2MSR). In nonmalignan t cells, ligation of alpha 2MSR promotes DNA synthesis and cellular prolife ration. Here, we report that insulin treatment of highly metastatic I-LN hu man prostate carcinoma selectively increases alpha 2MSR expression and bind ing of alpha M-2* to 1-LN cells, alpha M-2* induces transient increases in intracellular calcium and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate in insulin-treated I -LN cells, consistent with activation of alpha 2MSR. Inhibition of signalin g cascades activated by insulin blocks upregulation of alpha 2MSR. By contr ast, alpha M-2* does not bind to nor induce intracellular signaling in PC-3 cells, even though 1-LN cells were subcloned from PC-3 cells. We suggest t hat alpha M-2* behaves like a growth factor in these highly malignant cells . The 1-LN metastatic phenotype may result, in part, from aberrant expressi on of alpha 2MSR, indicating the possible involvement of alpha M-2* in tumo r progression. (C) 2000 Academic Press.