Evidence of acetaldehyde-protein adduct formation in rat brain after lifelong consumption of ethanol

Citation
J. Rintala et al., Evidence of acetaldehyde-protein adduct formation in rat brain after lifelong consumption of ethanol, ALC ALCOHOL, 35(5), 2000, pp. 458-463
Citations number
42
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Clinical Psycology & Psychiatry","Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
ALCOHOL AND ALCOHOLISM
ISSN journal
0735-0414 → ACNP
Volume
35
Issue
5
Year of publication
2000
Pages
458 - 463
Database
ISI
SICI code
0735-0414(200009/10)35:5<458:EOAAFI>2.0.ZU;2-O
Abstract
Acetaldehyde, the first metabolite of ethanol, has been shown to be capable of binding covalently to liver proteins in vivo, which may be responsible for a variety of toxic effects of ethanol. Acetaldehyde-protein adducts hav e previously been detected in the Liver of patients and experimental animal s with alcoholic liver disease. Although a role for acetaldehyde as a possi ble mediator of ethanol-induced neurotoxicity has also been previously sugg ested, the formation of protein-acetaldehyde adducts in brain has not been examined. This study was designed to examine the occurrence of acetaldehyde -protein adducts in rat brain after lifelong ethanol exposure. A total of 2 7 male rats from the alcohol-preferring (AA) and alcohol-avoiding (ANA) lin es were used. Four ANA rats and five AA rats were ted 10-12% (v/v) ethanol for 21 months. Both young (n = 10) and old (n = 8) rats receiving water wer e used as controls. Samples from frontal cortex, cerebellum and Liver were processed for immunohistochemical detection of acetaldehyde adducts. In fou r (two ANA two AA rats) of the nine ethanol-exposed rats. weak or moderate positive reactions for acetaldehyde adducts could be detected both in the f rontal cortex and cerebellum whereas no such immunostaining was found in th e remaining five ethanol-treated rats or in the control rats. The positive reaction was localized to the white matter and some large neurons in layers 4 and 5 of the frontal cortex, and to the molecular layer of the cerebellu m. Interestingly, the strongest positive reactions were found among the ANA rats, which are known to display high acataldehyde levels during ethanol o xidation. We suggest that acetaldehyde may be involved in ethanol-induced n eurotoxicity in vivo through formation of adducts with brain proteins and m acromolecules.