Primary odorants of laundry soiled with sweat/sebum: Influence of lipase on the odor profile

Citation
S. Munk et al., Primary odorants of laundry soiled with sweat/sebum: Influence of lipase on the odor profile, J SURFACT D, 3(4), 2000, pp. 505-515
Citations number
23
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Physical Chemistry/Chemical Physics
Journal title
JOURNAL OF SURFACTANTS AND DETERGENTS
ISSN journal
1097-3958 → ACNP
Volume
3
Issue
4
Year of publication
2000
Pages
505 - 515
Database
ISI
SICI code
1097-3958(200010)3:4<505:POOLSW>2.0.ZU;2-7
Abstract
Odorants still attached to laundry soiled with human axillary sweat and seb um after a mild washing procedure [European full-scale, short-cycle wash (2 0 min wash, 15 min rinse) at 30 degreesC, using color detergent at 3.5 g/L] were extracted and analyzed by aroma extract dilution analysis. Esters (et hyl-2-methylpropanoate and ethylbutanoate), ketones (1-hexen-3-one and 1-oc ten-3-one) and, in particular, aldehydes [(Z)-4-heptenal, octanal, (E)-2-oc tenal, methional, (Z)-2-nonenal, (E,Z)-2,6-nonadienal, (E,Z)-2,4-nonadienal , (E,E)-2,4-decadienal, and 4-methoxybenzaldehyde] were identified as prima ry odorants. Organic acids, which are dominant characteristic odorants in h uman axillary sweat, were, on the other hand, effectively removed during th e washing process. The influence of lipase activity on the odor profile was investigated by analyzing selected sets of textile swatches, sampled from the right/left axillary of male runners, washed in the presence or absence of lipase. The swatches were examined by a sensory ran king analysis prior to the analytical odor analysis. Swatches selected for the subsequent odor analysis possessed greater odor intensity when washed in the presence of li pase than the corresponding swatches washed in the absence of lipase. The a roma extract dilution analysis revealed that aldehydes were present in slig htly greater concentrations in swatches washed in the presence of lipase. T he aldehydes are believed to be formed through oxidative degradation of tri glycerides present in human sebum, which may be facilitated by lipase. Base d on sensory panel results and dilution analysis of odorants, the impact of lipase on the odor impression was, however, minor and thus believed to be inadequate as explanation for malodor generation in laundry as experienced by the consumer.