Intestinal infection due to enteroaggregative Escherichia coli among humanimmunodeficiency virus-infected persons

Citation
P. Durrer et al., Intestinal infection due to enteroaggregative Escherichia coli among humanimmunodeficiency virus-infected persons, J INFEC DIS, 182(5), 2000, pp. 1540-1544
Citations number
16
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Clinical Immunolgy & Infectious Disease",Immunology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
ISSN journal
0022-1899 → ACNP
Volume
182
Issue
5
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1540 - 1544
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-1899(200011)182:5<1540:IIDTEE>2.0.ZU;2-G
Abstract
To investigate the pathogenic role of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (E AggEC) among human immunodeficiency virus-infected persons, iii outpatients with and 68 without diarrhea were evaluated. Examination of stool samples included the HeLa cell adherence assay and an EAggEC polymerase chain react ion (PCR) assay using primers complementary for the plasmid locus CVD432, T he pCVD432 genotype, adherence phenotype, and patient characteristics were correlated with occurrence of diarrhea by multivariate analyses. EAggEC PCR and adherence assays were positive in 7 (6%) and 24 (22%) patients with di arrhea and in 1 (1%) and 21 (31%) asymptomatic control patients, respective ly. Clinical manifestations associated with EAggEC PCR-positive isolates we re nonspecific; EAggEC infections were independent of CD4 lymphocyte counts . Of the pCVD432 genotype, 5 (71%) of 7 were resistant to cotrimoxazole and ampicillin, and 1 strain was resistant to ciprofloxacin. Overall, pCVD432 PCR-positive E. coli was the most prevalent intestinal organism associated with diarrhea, The adherence assay results did not correlate with diarrhea.