Identification of candidate endothelial cell autoantigens in systemic lupus erythematosus using a molecular cloning strategy: a role for ribosomal P protein P0 as an endothelial cell autoantigen

Citation
G. Frampton et al., Identification of candidate endothelial cell autoantigens in systemic lupus erythematosus using a molecular cloning strategy: a role for ribosomal P protein P0 as an endothelial cell autoantigen, RHEUMATOLOG, 39(10), 2000, pp. 1114-1120
Citations number
34
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Rheumatology
Journal title
RHEUMATOLOGY
ISSN journal
1462-0324 → ACNP
Volume
39
Issue
10
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1114 - 1120
Database
ISI
SICI code
1462-0324(200010)39:10<1114:IOCECA>2.0.ZU;2-S
Abstract
Objective. To attempt to characterize the diversity and nature of antigens recognized by anti-endothelial cell antibodies (AECA) in patients with syst emic lupus erythematosus (SLE) using a molecular cloning strategy. Methods. AECA in sera of 15 SLE patients were measured by ELISA and Western blot analysis was used to examine the diversity of autoantigen targets in two clinically active patients. A human umbilical vein endothelial cell cDN A expression library was immunoscreened with sera from these two patients t o identify their autoantigen targets. An anti-ribosomal P peptide antibody ELISA was used to assess the clinical significance of anti-ribosomal P prot ein antibodies in the sera of one patient. Results. Significantly higher AECA levels were found in five patients with active disease and nephritis than in five patients with clinically inactive disease. Sera from two clinically active patients were found to recognize distinct spectra of autoantigens. The candidate autoantigens that were iden tified included (1) endothelial cell-specific plasminogen activator inhibit or, (2) the classical lupus antigen, i.e. ribosomal P protein P0; and (3) p roteins never before described as putative autoantigens in SLE, including r ibosomal protein L6, elongation factor 1 alpha, adenyl cyclase-associated p rotein, DNA replication licensing factor, profilin II and the novel protein s HEAPLA 1 and HEAPLA 2 (human endothelial associated putative lupus autoan tigens 1 and 2). In one patient, antibodies against ribosomal P protein P0 were predominant and levels of these antibodies correlated with total AECA levels, anti-DNA antibody titres, overall clinical score and renal disease in a longitudinal study. Conclusions. A panel of candidate endothelial autoantigens in SLE, which in cludes previously described autoantigens and novel targets, has been identi fied by a molecular cloning strategy. This novel molecular approach could a lso be applied to the identification of autoantigens in other autoimmune va scular diseases.