Continuous quality improvement for patients with back pain

Citation
Ra. Deyo et al., Continuous quality improvement for patients with back pain, J GEN INT M, 15(9), 2000, pp. 647-655
Citations number
33
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
General & Internal Medicine
Journal title
JOURNAL OF GENERAL INTERNAL MEDICINE
ISSN journal
0884-8734 → ACNP
Volume
15
Issue
9
Year of publication
2000
Pages
647 - 655
Database
ISI
SICI code
0884-8734(200009)15:9<647:CQIFPW>2.0.ZU;2-2
Abstract
Recent evidence has changed traditional approaches to low back pain, sugges ting minimal bed rest, highly selective imaging, and early return to normal activities. However, there are wide geographical variations in care, and s ubstantial gaps between practice and evidence. This project sought to merge scientific evidence about back pain and knowle dge about behavior change to help organizations improve care for back pain. Participating insurance plans, HMOs, and group practices focused on proble ms they themselves identified. The year-long program included quarterly mee tings, coaching for rapid cycles of change, a menu of potential interventio ns, and recommendations for monitoring outcomes. Participants interacted th rough meetings, e-mail, and conference calls. Of the 22 participating organizations, 6 (27%) made major progress. Typical changes were reduced imaging, bed rest, and work loss, and increased patie nt education and satisfaction. Specific examples were a 30% decrease in pla in x-rays, a 100% increase in use of patient education materials, and an 81 % drop in prescribed bed rest. Despite the complexity of care for back pain, rapid improvements appear fea sible. Several organizations had major improvements, and most experienced a t least modest improvements, Key elements of successful programs included f ocus on a small number of clinical goals, frequent measurement of outcomes among small samples of patients, vigilance in maintaining gains; involvemen t of office staffs as well as physicians, and changes in standard protocols for imaging, physical therapy, and referral.