Colorectal cancer screening participation by older women

Citation
Mt. Mandelson et al., Colorectal cancer screening participation by older women, AM J PREV M, 19(3), 2000, pp. 149-154
Citations number
30
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Envirnomentale Medicine & Public Health
Journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
ISSN journal
0749-3797 → ACNP
Volume
19
Issue
3
Year of publication
2000
Pages
149 - 154
Database
ISI
SICI code
0749-3797(200010)19:3<149:CCSPBO>2.0.ZU;2-M
Abstract
Background: Although recent screening guidelines recommend annual fecal occ ult blood testing (FOBT) for adults aged greater than or equal to 50, a num ber of studies report that these tests are underused. Systematic efforts to increase awareness of colorectal cancer (CRC) and to promote screening par ticipation are needed to meet national objectives for CRC control. Methods: This study examined CRC-screening practices and evaluated factors related to recent participation in screening by FOBT in a sample of women a ged 50 to 80 who were surveyed about their use of clinical preventive servi ces at Group Health Cooperative, a managed care organization in western Was hington State. Results: Of the 931 women eligible for analysis, 75% reported ever having b een screened by FOBT and 48% reported having been screened within 2 years b efore the survey. Participation in screening did not vary by demographic ch aracteristics or by perceived or actual risk of CRC. Women with a positive attitudes toward CRC screening had sevenfold greater odds of recent screeni ng by FOBT (odds ratio=7.1; 95% confidence interval, 4.4 to 11.6). Only 58% of study women reported that their physicians encouraged CRC screening, bu t this factor was strongly related to participation (odds ratio=12.7; 95% c onfidence interval, 6.6 to 24.4). Conclusions: We identified several areas in which understanding of CRC risk may be low. As a whole, these findings suggest that effective strategies t o control CRC may include efforts to improve knowledge of risk and preventi on, but must also appeal directly to primary care physicians to identify an d address their barriers to screening recommendations.