School racial composition and adolescent racial homophily

Authors
Citation
K. Joyner et G. Kao, School racial composition and adolescent racial homophily, SOC SCI Q, 81(3), 2000, pp. 810-825
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Sociology & Antropology
Journal title
SOCIAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY
ISSN journal
0038-4941 → ACNP
Volume
81
Issue
3
Year of publication
2000
Pages
810 - 825
Database
ISI
SICI code
0038-4941(200009)81:3<810:SRCAAR>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
Objective. Even though schools are characterized by an unprecedented amount of racial diversity, it is unclear whether a racially diverse student body necessarily translates into friendships between adolescents from different racial groups. We examine how schools structure adolescent racial homophil y, that is, adolescents' tendency to form friendships with students who are similar with respect to race. Methods. Using data from the National Longit udinal Study of Adolescent Health, we examine how the racial composition of schools influences the chances of having an interracial friendship for U.S . adolescents in grades seven through twelve. Results. Our results demonstr ate that white, black, Hispanic, Asian, and Native American adolescents dif fer greatly in their chances of having an interracial friendship. They addi tionally demonstrate that adolescents' chances of having an interracial fri endship increase dramatically as the proportion of same-race students in th eir schools decreases. Finally, they suggest that school racial composition accounts for a large part of the variation in interracial friendship by ra ce, but not for all of it. Conclusions. We conclude that racial differences in interracial friendship reflect opportunities and preferences for interr acial contact.