Effect of wave-function delocalization on the exciton splitting in organicconjugated materials

Citation
M. Muccini et al., Effect of wave-function delocalization on the exciton splitting in organicconjugated materials, PHYS REV B, 62(10), 2000, pp. 6296-6300
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science
Journal title
PHYSICAL REVIEW B
ISSN journal
0163-1829 → ACNP
Volume
62
Issue
10
Year of publication
2000
Pages
6296 - 6300
Database
ISI
SICI code
0163-1829(20000901)62:10<6296:EOWDOT>2.0.ZU;2-F
Abstract
Interchain interactions in organic conjugated solids causes a splitting of the lowest excited electronic states which depends on the relative packing of the chromophores and on the conjugation length. The splitting (also know n as Davydov splitting) was measured for the first time in a model compound (alpha-sexithienyl), but the question remained open on how the Davydov spl itting depends on the conjugation length. This question is particularly imp ortant because the relative location of the excitonic components plays a ma jor role in determining the photophysics of the systems. We have therefore measured the Davydov splitting of the lowest 1 B-1(mu) exciton in the model systems of alpha-quaterthienyl (T-4) and alpha-sexithienyl (T-6) from the low-temperature polarized absorption of oriented single crystals. Due to th e very similar crystal structure of the two materials, the change in excito n splitting can be directly related to the different molecular wave-functio n delocalization over the chain. Here we show that the Davydov splitting of the lowest exciton decreases as the molecular wave-function delocalization increases. This result, which contradicts the dipole model expectations, i s confirmed by correlated quantum-chemical calculations. In addition, we pr edict the size of the interchain interactions in the polymer where a direct optical measurement is precluded by the intrinsic molecular disorder.