The use of yeasts to reduce the polluting potential of silage effluent

Citation
Jl. Arnold et al., The use of yeasts to reduce the polluting potential of silage effluent, WATER RES, 34(15), 2000, pp. 3699-3708
Citations number
36
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Environment/Ecology
Journal title
WATER RESEARCH
ISSN journal
0043-1354 → ACNP
Volume
34
Issue
15
Year of publication
2000
Pages
3699 - 3708
Database
ISI
SICI code
0043-1354(200010)34:15<3699:TUOYTR>2.0.ZU;2-V
Abstract
Silage effluent is one of the most potent agricultural wastes. The ability of yeast strains to grow on and purify silage effluent was investigated. Se veral strains of yeast were isolated from silage effluent in pure culture a nd their ability to grow on silage effluent was assessed in comparison with a strain of Candida utilis. Further studies were conducted with C. utilis and one of the isolates-strain T2B. This filamentous yeast was identified a s a strain of Galactomyces geotrichum. Both strains were able to grow on th ree different samples of silage effluent of varying age and composition. Me an generation times varied from 4.5 to ca. 26 h. Removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total organic carbon (TOC) was good. For the most dilute effluent studied 91-95% COD removal was obtained, while for the most concen trated effluent, 74-79% reductions were obtained. The greatest reduction in COD noted was from ca. 40,500 to 8500 mg l(-1). Very high reductions of ph osphate concentration were obtained and some ammonia was removed, pH rose d uring treatment to 8.5-9 from initial values of 3.65-5.77. Strain T2B gave consistently higher yields of biomass than C. utilis, producing a maximum o f 8.6 g dry weight l(-1) on one effluent at 50% dilution. The prospects for using yeasts to treat silage effluent are discussed. (C) 2000 Elsevier Sci ence Ltd. All rights reserved.