A motif shared by TFIIF and TFIIB mediates their interaction with the RNA polymerase II carboxy-terminal domain phosphatase Fcp1p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Citation
Ms. Kobor et al., A motif shared by TFIIF and TFIIB mediates their interaction with the RNA polymerase II carboxy-terminal domain phosphatase Fcp1p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, MOL CELL B, 20(20), 2000, pp. 7438-7449
Citations number
60
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Molecular Biology & Genetics
Journal title
MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY
ISSN journal
0270-7306 → ACNP
Volume
20
Issue
20
Year of publication
2000
Pages
7438 - 7449
Database
ISI
SICI code
0270-7306(200010)20:20<7438:AMSBTA>2.0.ZU;2-U
Abstract
Transcription by RNA polymerase II is accompanied by cyclic phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of the carboxy-terminal heptapeptide repeat domain ( CTD) of its largest subunit. We have used deletion and point mutations in F cp1p, a TFIIF-interacting CTD phosphatase, to show that the integrity of it s BRCT domain, like that of its catalytic domain, is important for cell via bility, mRNA synthesis, and CTD dephosphorylation in vivo. Although regions of Fcp1p carboxy terminal to its BRCT domain and at its amino terminus wer e not essential for viability, deletion of either of these regions affected the phosphorylation state of the CTD. Two portions of this carboxy-termina l region of Fcp1p bound directly to the first cyclin-like repeat in the cor e domain of the general transcription factor TFIIB, as well as to the RAP74 subunit of TFIIF, These regulatory interactions with Fcp1p involved closel y related amino acid sequence motifs in TFIIB and RAP74. Mutating the Fcp1p -binding motif KEFGK in the RAP74 (Tfg1p) subunit of TFIIF to EEFGE led to both synthetic phenotypes in certain fcp1 tfg1 double mutants and a reduced ability of Fcp1p to activate transcription when it is artificially tethere d to a promoter. These results suggest strongly that this KEFGK motif in RA P74 mediates its interaction with Fcp1p in vivo.