Comparative pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of candesartan and losartan in man

Citation
B. Fuchs et al., Comparative pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of candesartan and losartan in man, J PHARM PHA, 52(9), 2000, pp. 1075-1083
Citations number
23
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pharmacology & Toxicology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF PHARMACY AND PHARMACOLOGY
ISSN journal
0022-3573 → ACNP
Volume
52
Issue
9
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1075 - 1083
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-3573(200009)52:9<1075:CPAPOC>2.0.ZU;2-3
Abstract
The angiotensin II antagonistic effects of candesartan and losartan were co mpared in-vivo after single and repeated doses. Effects were related to ant agonistic activity in plasma. In this double-blind, crossover study, 12 healthy male volunteers received, in random order, daily oral doses of 8 mg candesartan cilexetil or 50 mg l osartan for seven days. On day 1 and day 8, dynamics and kinetics were asse ssed up to 48 h after dosing. Antagonistic effect was determined from the a ntagonist-induced rightward shifts of the diastolic blood pressure response curves to exogenously administered angiotensin II measured as the dose rat io (DR). The antagonistic activity in plasma was measured using an ex-vivo/ in-vitro radioreceptor assay. Specific high-performance liquid chromatograp hy assays determined plasma concentrations of candesartan, losartan and its active metabolite EXP-3174. The pharmacokinetic properties of candesartan and losartan were comparable and antagonistic activity in plasma almost identical (ratio candesartan: lo sartan = 0.97 and 1.2 after single and multiple doses, respectively). Howev er, the antagonistic effects of candesartan and losartan in-vivo were quite different. Twenty-four hours after single dosing with candesartan a clinic ally relevant rightward shift in the angiotensin II dose-response curve (DR =3.2) occurred that was more pronounced than that following losartan admini stration (DR=2.1, ratio candesartan:losartan= 1.65). Twenty-four hours afte r multiple doses of candesartan or losartan, the values of the DR were 4.8 and 2.3, respectively (ratio candesartan: losartan = 1.94). The values of D R for candesartan were significantly higher compared with losartan between 6 and 36 h after a single dose and between 3 and 24 h post-dose following m ultiple dose administration. A counter-clockwise hysteresis was apparent be tween antagonistic activity in plasma and antagonistic effect. Despite equivalent angiotensin II antagonistic activity in plasma, the phar macodynamic effect of candesartan cilexetil was greater than that of losart an. Candesartan appeared to have a slower off-rate from the angiotensin AT( 1)-receptor compared with losartan, nevertheless differences in distributio nal phenomena or the extent of insurmountable antagonistic activity cannot be ruled out.