Early clearance of circulating hepatitis C virus enhanced by induction therapy with twice-a-day intravenous injection of IFN-beta

Citation
F. Ikeda et al., Early clearance of circulating hepatitis C virus enhanced by induction therapy with twice-a-day intravenous injection of IFN-beta, J INTERF CY, 20(9), 2000, pp. 831-836
Citations number
28
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Immunology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF INTERFERON AND CYTOKINE RESEARCH
ISSN journal
1079-9907 → ACNP
Volume
20
Issue
9
Year of publication
2000
Pages
831 - 836
Database
ISI
SICI code
1079-9907(200009)20:9<831:ECOCHC>2.0.ZU;2-L
Abstract
To improve the long-term efficacy of interferon (IFN) for treatment of chro nic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, we proposed induction therapy with t wice-a-day IFN-beta injection, This study was intended to clarify the antiv iral mechanism. Thirty patients were randomly assigned to two groups: group A (twice-a-day therapy) received 3 MU IFN-beta intravenously (i.v.) twice a day for 2 weeks; group B (once-a-day therapy) received 6 MU of IFN-beta d aily, HCV RNA, IFN-beta, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), 2'5'-oligoadenylat e synthetase (2'5'-AS) activity, and beta(2)-microglobulin in serum were co mpared between the two groups during the first 2 weeks of IFN therapy. The clearance rate of serum HCV RNA in group A (86.7%) was significantly higher than that in group B (13.3 %) at day 3 (p = 0.0006), No accumulation of IF N-beta was shown in serum throughout the therapy, The ratio (day 3/day 1) o f 2'5'-AS activity was significantly higher in group A. Multivariate analys is indicated twice-a-day IFN-beta injection therapy led to significantly ea rly clearance of circulating HCV. Twice-a-day IFN-beta injection therapy co uld induce biologically enhanced antiviral activities and be an efficient i nduction therapy for eradication of HCV.