Late effects of treatment in survivors of childhood acute myeloid leukemia

Citation
W. Leung et al., Late effects of treatment in survivors of childhood acute myeloid leukemia, J CL ONCOL, 18(18), 2000, pp. 3273-3279
Citations number
34
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Oncology,"Onconogenesis & Cancer Research
Journal title
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY
ISSN journal
0732-183X → ACNP
Volume
18
Issue
18
Year of publication
2000
Pages
3273 - 3279
Database
ISI
SICI code
0732-183X(20000915)18:18<3273:LEOTIS>2.0.ZU;2-W
Abstract
Purpose: To investigate the incidence of and risk factors for late sequelae of treatment in patients who survived far more than 10 years after the dia gnosis of childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Patients and Methods: Of 77 survivors (median follow-up duration, 16.7 year s), 44 (group A) had received chemotherapy, 18 (group B) had received chemo therapy and cranial irradiation, and 15 (group C) had received chemotherapy , total-body irradiation, and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Late complications, tabacco use, and health insurance status were assessed. Results: Growth abnormalities were found in 51% of survivors, neurocognitiv e abnormalities in 30%, transfusion-acquired hepatitis in 28%, endocrine ab normalities in 16%, cataracts in 12%, and cardiac abnormalities in 8%. Youn ger age at the rime of diagnosis or initiation of radiation therapy, higher dose of radiation, and treatment in groups B and C were risk factors for t he development of academic difficulties and greater decrease in height Z sc ore, In addition, treatment in group C was a risk factor for ct greater dec rease in weight I score and the development of growth-hormone deficiency, h ypothyroidism, hypogonadism, infertility, and cataracts. The estimated cumu lative risk of ct second malignancy at 20 years after diagnosis was 1.8% (9 5% confidence interval, 0.3% to 11.8%). Twenty-two patients (29%) were smok ers, and 11 (14%) had no medical insurance at the time of last follow-up. Conclusion: Late sequelae are common in long-term survivors of childhood AM L. Our findings should be useful in defining areas for surveillance of and intervention for late sequelae and in assessing the risk of individual late effects on the basis of age and history of treatment. (C) 2000 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.