Forager mobility organization in seasonal tropical environments of westernThailand

Authors
Citation
R. Shoocongdej, Forager mobility organization in seasonal tropical environments of westernThailand, WORLD ARCHA, 32(1), 2000, pp. 14-40
Citations number
104
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Archeology
Journal title
WORLD ARCHAEOLOGY
ISSN journal
0043-8243 → ACNP
Volume
32
Issue
1
Year of publication
2000
Pages
14 - 40
Database
ISI
SICI code
0043-8243(200006)32:1<14:FMOIST>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
This paper investigates forager mobility organization in seasonal tropical environments and, specifically, how mobility strategies have affected subsi stence and settlement organization. The proposed model, based on cross-cult ural comparisons, suggests that two mobility organizational systems exist i n seasonal tropical environments: residential mobility in the wet season an d logistical mobility as an organizational response to the dry season. The model is evaluated against archaeological data from Lang Kamnan, a Late and post-Pleistocene cave site in western Thailand. Results of the analyses of archaeological and environmental data indicate Lang Kamnan was occupied sp oradically from the Late Pleistocene to Holocene, and that residential mobi lity was employed by small groups of foragers using a generalized subsisten ce technology during the wet season. The site currently lacks evidence of d ry season occupation, and thus it is not yet possible to argue for the use of a logistical mobility strategy in the dry season. The proposed mobility model provides an important approach for examining variability in Late and post-Pleistocene cultural systems in tropical environments, particularly in Southeast Asia where such variability continues to be viewed as the conseq uence of sequential occupation by different 'cultures' such as 'Hoabinhian' .