Measurements of the hyperpolarizability tensor by means of hyper-Rayleigh scattering

Citation
V. Ostroverkhov et al., Measurements of the hyperpolarizability tensor by means of hyper-Rayleigh scattering, J OPT SOC B, 17(9), 2000, pp. 1531-1542
Citations number
22
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science","Optics & Acoustics
Journal title
JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA B-OPTICAL PHYSICS
ISSN journal
0740-3224 → ACNP
Volume
17
Issue
9
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1531 - 1542
Database
ISI
SICI code
0740-3224(200009)17:9<1531:MOTHTB>2.0.ZU;2-#
Abstract
We describe improvements to a previously reported hyper-Rayleigh scattering technique [J. Opt. Sec. Am. B 15, 289 (1998)], for measuring all rotationa l invariants of the first hyperpolarizability tensor. The full hyper-Raylei gh scattering tensor is expressed in terms of its rotationally invariant co mponents leading to a figures of merit corresponding to each of the rotatio nally invariant tensors. With elliptically polarized incident light, the po larization state and the intensity of the harmonic light are measured at a scattering angle of 45 degrees. A new analytical fitting method is applied to the signal for two polarization measurements to yield the invariants. We have measured several chiral and nonchiral chromophores to determine the h yperpolarizability tensor with which to analyze the measurement accuracy, t o reveal structure property relationships, and to assess the applicability of the chromophores as nonlinear optical materials. Results for a series of chiral chromophores and for Crystal Violet are presented. (C) 2000 Optical Society of America [S0740-3224(00)01209-1].