A cellular automata model for highway traffic

Citation
Eg. Campari et G. Levi, A cellular automata model for highway traffic, EUR PHY J B, 17(1), 2000, pp. 159-166
Citations number
18
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science
Journal title
EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL B
ISSN journal
1434-6028 → ACNP
Volume
17
Issue
1
Year of publication
2000
Pages
159 - 166
Database
ISI
SICI code
1434-6028(200009)17:1<159:ACAMFH>2.0.ZU;2-B
Abstract
We present results relative to a simple cellular automata model without per iodic boundary conditions for an highway with on-ramps. Simulations perform ed with this model reproduce experimental phenomena observed in traffic suc h as free flow, synchronized flow, congested flow, lane inversion, forward and backward propagating waves. On-ramps play the important role of nucleat ion points for the dynamic features of traffic.