Ca2+ signalling is not required for chemotaxis in Dictyostelium

Citation
D. Traynor et al., Ca2+ signalling is not required for chemotaxis in Dictyostelium, EMBO J, 19(17), 2000, pp. 4846-4854
Citations number
67
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Molecular Biology & Genetics
Journal title
EMBO JOURNAL
ISSN journal
0261-4189 → ACNP
Volume
19
Issue
17
Year of publication
2000
Pages
4846 - 4854
Database
ISI
SICI code
0261-4189(20000901)19:17<4846:CSINRF>2.0.ZU;2-D
Abstract
Dictyostelium cells can move rapidly towards a source of cyclic-AMP (cAMP), This chemoattractant is detected by G-protein-linked receptors, which trig ger a signalling cascade including a rapid influx of Ca2+. We have disrupte d an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP(3)) receptor-like gene, iplA, to pr oduce null cells in which Ca2+ entry in response to chemoattractants is abo lished, as is the normal increase in free cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+](c)) that f ollows chemotactic stimulation. However, the resting [Ca2+](c) is similar t o wild type. This mutant provides a test for the role of Ca2+ influx in bot h chemotaxis and the signalling cascade that controls it. The production of cyclic-GMP and cAMP, and the activation of the MAP kinase, DdERK2, trigger ed from the cAMP receptor, are little perturbed in the mutant; mobilization of actin into the cytoskeleton also follows similar kinetics to wild type, Mutant cells chemotax efficiently towards cAMP or folic acid and their sen sitivity to cAMP is similar to wild type, Finally, they move at similar spe eds to wild-type cells, with or without chemoattractant, We conclude that C a2+ signalling is not necessary for chemotaxis to cAMP.