Association between plasma testosterone and work-related neck and shoulderdisorders among female workers

Citation
A. Kaergaard et al., Association between plasma testosterone and work-related neck and shoulderdisorders among female workers, SC J WORK E, 26(4), 2000, pp. 292-298
Citations number
20
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Envirnomentale Medicine & Public Health
Journal title
SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF WORK ENVIRONMENT & HEALTH
ISSN journal
0355-3140 → ACNP
Volume
26
Issue
4
Year of publication
2000
Pages
292 - 298
Database
ISI
SICI code
0355-3140(200008)26:4<292:ABPTAW>2.0.ZU;2-D
Abstract
Objectives The aims were to study the association between anabolic hormone testosterone in plasma and the presence of musculoskeletal disorders among female workers and to study the association between changes in testosterone and changes in musculoskeletal complaints. Methods In a cross-sectional design 145 women from 2 different industries f illed out questionnaires about current musculoskeletal complaints, particip ated in a clinical examination of the neck and upper extremities, and gave a blood sample for the analysis of free testosterone in plasma. Individual characteristics, psychosocial job factors, and stress reactions were evalua ted by questionnaires. In a follow-up study a subgroup of 73 sewing machine operators from the cross-sectional study was reexamined after 1 year. Results The group of women with clinically verified neck or shoulder disord ers had significantly lower plasma testosterone than the women with no diso rders. Furthermore, the testosterone level showed a negative association wi th age and a positive association with smoking and body mass index. Changes in pain status or clinically diagnosed musculoskeletal disorders were not associated with changes in testosterone levels. However, this finding may w ell be due to a strong plant influence in that marked changes in testostero ne levels were observed for 2 of the 3 participating plants. Conclusions There is some indication of an association between musculoskele tal disorders in the neck and shoulders and a low level of free plasma test osterone. The study failed to clarify the associations found between change s in testosterone and changes in musculoskeletal complaints over time.