The effects of type and amount of pretraining on transfer in concept formation

Authors
Citation
Ml. Schroth, The effects of type and amount of pretraining on transfer in concept formation, J GEN PSYCH, 127(3), 2000, pp. 261-269
Citations number
8
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN journal
0022-1309 → ACNP
Volume
127
Issue
3
Year of publication
2000
Pages
261 - 269
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-1309(200007)127:3<261:TEOTAA>2.0.ZU;2-8
Abstract
Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of 2 types of dir ected attention pretraining, a form of stimulus predifferentiation, on imme diate- and delayed-transfer tasks in concept identification. In both experi ments, the participants received either the ''seeing-and-discriminating'' o r ''seeing" technique of pretraining, except for those assigned to the cont rol group. The participants received different amounts of pretraining. In t he first experiment, participants were required to learn new concepts from the same category for the delayed-transfer task, whereas in the second expe riment, the delayed-transfer task involved concepts from a different catego ry. Among the major findings in both experiments are that the pretraining m ethods resulted in positive transfer on all transfer tasks. In general, the seeing-and-discriminating method yielded a more positive transfer than the seeing technique. Maximal positive transfer effects were found with a smal l number of trials. The implications of the findings for understanding the effectiveness of various training methods used for problem solving are disc ussed.