Frequency of neuroleptic malignant syndrome in a large psychiatric hospital in Moscow

Citation
B. Spivak et al., Frequency of neuroleptic malignant syndrome in a large psychiatric hospital in Moscow, EUR PSYCHIA, 15(5), 2000, pp. 330-333
Citations number
14
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psychiatry,"Clinical Psycology & Psychiatry
Journal title
EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY
ISSN journal
0924-9338 → ACNP
Volume
15
Issue
5
Year of publication
2000
Pages
330 - 333
Database
ISI
SICI code
0924-9338(200008)15:5<330:FONMSI>2.0.ZU;2-1
Abstract
A ten-year prospective survey of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) was p erformed in a major psychiatric hospital (1,510 beds) in Moscow. All inpati ents who developed a persistent and severe extrapyramidal rigidity accompan ied by fever after exposure to neuroleptic medication were screened for NMS . The diagnosis of NMS was established according to Levenson's criteria and at a later stage all NMS Gases were reevaluated using the DSM-IV research criteria. Data on age, gender and psychiatric diagnoses were analyzed. Of t he 78,708 inpatients treated with neuroleptic agents, 19 separate patients had an episode of NMS, for a frequency of 0.02%. Mortality rate was 10.5% ( 2/19 patients). Of the three potential risk factors studied, only young age (less than or equal to 25 years) was significantly associated with an incr eased frequency of NMS (P < 0.01). The low rate of NMS found here compared to studies in other countries may be due to the stringent demands for NMS d iagnosis. More large-scale prospective studies including detailed clinical and laboratory data are needed to clarify these differences and their impac t on the prevalence and risk factors of NMS. (C) 2000 Editions scientifique s et medicales.