Decreased constitutive nitric oxide synthase, but increased inducible nitric oxide synthase and endothelin-1 immunoreactivity in aortic endothelial cells of Donryu rats on a cholesterol-enriched diet

Citation
G. Aliev et al., Decreased constitutive nitric oxide synthase, but increased inducible nitric oxide synthase and endothelin-1 immunoreactivity in aortic endothelial cells of Donryu rats on a cholesterol-enriched diet, ANAT REC, 260(1), 2000, pp. 16-25
Citations number
52
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Experimental Biology
Journal title
ANATOMICAL RECORD
ISSN journal
0003-276X → ACNP
Volume
260
Issue
1
Year of publication
2000
Pages
16 - 25
Database
ISI
SICI code
0003-276X(20000901)260:1<16:DCNOSB>2.0.ZU;2-N
Abstract
The Donryu rat is resistant to a high cholesterol diet in that typical athe romatous lesions do not develop. Using electron microscopic immunocytochemi cal techniques, the effects of a CCT diet (4% cholesterol with 1% cholic ac id and 0.5% thiouracil) on the distributions of neuronal, macrophage, and e ndothelial specific nitric oxide synthase (NOS I, NOS II, and NOS III) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) immunoreactivity were examined in the thoracic aortic i ntima. Atheromatous lesions were absent, but immunocytochemistry showed 1.4 +/-0.52% and 4.0+/-0.9% endothelial cells (EC) with positive staining for N OS I and NOS III, respectively, compared with 16.3+/-2.5% and 88.6+/-2.48% in control Donryu rats. The CCT-supplemented diet induced expression of NOS II immunoreactivity in thoracic aortic intimal cells. EC, subendothelial m acrophages, and smooth muscle cells (SMC) also showed high NOS II-positive staining. The percentage of NOS II-immunoreactive EC was 43+/-1.8%. In cont rol groups, no NOS II immunoreactive cells were observed. The percentage of ET-1 immunopositive cells was also significantly increased by 9.2+/-0.66% and 64.2+/-1.4% in control and CCT-fed groups, respectively. It is conclude d that the administration of a high cholesterol diet in Donryu rats produce s endothelial dysfunction associated with changes in the balance of the dif ferent isoforms of NOS and ET-1. Therefore, the increase in inducible NOS a nd ET-1 immunoreactivity seen during the cholesterol-enriched diet appears to be a compensatory reaction of aortic wall cells to the high cholesterol supplementation. Anat Rec 260:16-25, 2000. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.