Object choice: Marcel Duchamp's 'Fountain' and the art of queer art history

Authors
Citation
Pb. Franklin, Object choice: Marcel Duchamp's 'Fountain' and the art of queer art history, OX ART J, 23(1), 2000, pp. 23-50
Citations number
129
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Arts & Architecture
Journal title
OXFORD ART JOURNAL
ISSN journal
0142-6540 → ACNP
Volume
23
Issue
1
Year of publication
2000
Pages
23 - 50
Database
ISI
SICI code
0142-6540(2000)23:1<23:OCMD'A>2.0.ZU;2-S
Abstract
In 1917 Marcel Duchamp purchased a mass-produced urinal, signed it 'R. Mutt ,' titled it Fountain, submitted it to the American Society of Independent Artists. While scholars often interpret it as a surrogate for the female bo dy, this study contends that Fountain more appropriately may be understood as a reinscription of the all-male space of the public men's room. In both Paris and New York at the turn of the century, men frequented pissoirs in o rder to establish sexual contact with other men. Situating Duchamp's readym ade within the contested history of these public conveniences as well as in voking both Freud's theory of sexual object choice and Judith Butler's noti on of gender performativity, this essay argues that Fountain transformed th e history of art by establishing a correspondence between avant-garde artis tic production and queer sexualities.