Exact tangent stiffness for imperfect beam-column members

Authors
Citation
Sl. Chan et Jx. Gu, Exact tangent stiffness for imperfect beam-column members, J STRUC ENG, 126(9), 2000, pp. 1094-1102
Citations number
29
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Civil Engineering
Journal title
JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING-ASCE
ISSN journal
0733-9445 → ACNP
Volume
126
Issue
9
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1094 - 1102
Database
ISI
SICI code
0733-9445(200009)126:9<1094:ETSFIB>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
The exact tangent and secant stiffness matrices of an initially curved beam -column element under predominant axial force and end moments are derived. The stability function of solving the differential equilibrium equation for the beam-column element is further extended to allow for the important eff ect of member initial imperfection. The accuracy of this developed element makes the convergence rate for equilibrium and resistance against divergenc e batter than that by the conventional cubic element or other currently ava ilable elements. The use of a single element per member is adequate enough for the extreme case of a column with both ends tired, in which even two cu bic elements cannot generate an accurate result. As a single element can su fficiently model a member, the second-order analysis, the nonlinear integra ted design and analysis, and the advanced analysis become simple, reliable, and easy to use for practical design. The present element can also be used as a benchmark element for second-order elastic analysis of 2D and 3D fram es and represents the ultimate solution for the imperfect element under Tim oshenko's beam-column theory.