On the effect of remanent polarization on electro-mechanical fields near an elliptic cavity in poled or depolarized piezoelectric ceramics

Citation
B. Liu et al., On the effect of remanent polarization on electro-mechanical fields near an elliptic cavity in poled or depolarized piezoelectric ceramics, INT J FRACT, 103(2), 2000, pp. 189-204
Citations number
19
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Mechanical Engineering
Journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FRACTURE
ISSN journal
0376-9429 → ACNP
Volume
103
Issue
2
Year of publication
2000
Pages
189 - 204
Database
ISI
SICI code
0376-9429(200005)103:2<189:OTEORP>2.0.ZU;2-7
Abstract
In this paper the effect of remanent polarization on electric-mechanical fi elds near an elliptic cavity in piezoelectric ceramics is studied. The anal ysis is based on the application of exact electric boundary conditions at t he rim of the elliptic cavity, thus avoiding the common assumption of elect ric impermeability. Expressions for electromechanical fields near the ellip tic cavity are derived in a closed form in terms of complex potentials. The result shows that the problem of remanent polarization is similar to the p roblem of general strain mismatch and the effect of remanent polarization o n fracture in poled or depolarized piezoelectric ceramics can not be omitte d. When the permitivity of the medium in a cavity is small, the effect of r emanent polarization is identical to the effect of a considerable strong po sitive electric field and the tangent stress at the major axial apex of the elliptical cavity is tensile. Such behavior explains why the positive elec tric field promotes the crack growth while the negative electric field reta rds the crack growth and accounts for the anisotropy of fracture toughness under mechanical loads. The results show that the effect of remanent polari zation on electromechanical fields near an elliptic cavity depends not only on the geometry of the elliptic cavity, i.e. the ratio of the minor semi-a xis to major semi-axis, but also on the ratio of permitivity of the medium in the cavity to permitivity of the piezoelectric ceramic.