Red wine intake prevents nuclear factor-kappa B activation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of healthy volunteers during postprandial lipemia

Citation
Lm. Blanco-colio et al., Red wine intake prevents nuclear factor-kappa B activation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of healthy volunteers during postprandial lipemia, CIRCULATION, 102(9), 2000, pp. 1020-1026
Citations number
41
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Systems","Cardiovascular & Hematology Research
Journal title
CIRCULATION
ISSN journal
0009-7322 → ACNP
Volume
102
Issue
9
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1020 - 1026
Database
ISI
SICI code
0009-7322(20000829)102:9<1020:RWIPNF>2.0.ZU;2-P
Abstract
Background-Several epidemiological studies have demonstrated the beneficial effect of red wine intake in reducing total and cardiovascular mortality. This effect has been attributed in part to its antioxidant properties. Beca use the monocytes/macrophages and the nuclear transcription factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) are implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic lesions, we examined the effect of red wine intake on the activation of NF-kappa B in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Methods and Results-Sixteen healthy volunteers were studied 3 times each: a fter a moderate dose, a low dose, and no wine with a fat-enriched breakfast . Lipid profile and NF-kappa B activation (electrophoretic mobility shift a ssay) were examined in blood samples taken before and 3, 6, and 9 hours aft er wine intake. In addition, mononuclear cells were incubated with VLDL in the presence of some antioxidants (quercetin and alpha-tocopherol succinate ) contained in rod wine to study their effects on NF-kappa B activation. Su bjects receiving a fat-enriched breakfast had increased NF-kappa B activati on in peripheral blood mononuclear cells coinciding with the augmentation i n total triglycerides and chylomicrons. Red wine intake prevented NF-kappa B activity even though it induced a certain increase in serum lipids, parti cularly VLDL, that did not increase after the fat ingestion alone. However, another form of alcohol intake (vodka) did not modify the NF-kappa B activ ation provided by postprandial lipemia. In cultured mononuclear cells, isol ated human VLDL caused NF-kappa B activation in a time-dependent manner tha t did not occur in the presence of the red wine antioxidants quercetin and alpha-tocopherol. Conclusions-Our results provide a new potential mechanism to explain the be neficial effects of red wine intake in the reduction of cardiovascular mort ality.