Perspectives on American kinship in the later 1990s

Authors
Citation
Cl. Johnson, Perspectives on American kinship in the later 1990s, J MARRIAGE, 62(3), 2000, pp. 623-639
Citations number
126
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Sociology & Antropology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY
ISSN journal
0022-2445 → ACNP
Volume
62
Issue
3
Year of publication
2000
Pages
623 - 639
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-2445(200008)62:3<623:POAKIT>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
This paper reviews the current statics of kinship research in the United St ates and identifies factors that might account for the declining interest i n the subject among family researchers. The analysis uses both structural a nd cultural factors to illustrate how they can determine the diversity in k inship functioning that ranges from those family systems where kinship rela tionships flourish and those where they play a small part in family life. T he structural and demographic variables determine the numbers and availabil ity of kin, whereas the cultural variables determine the norms that establi sh the motivation to sustain kinship bonds. To illustrate how these factors operate among subgroups in the United States, I analyze three types of kin ship systems: the lineal emphasis in White families of the very old; the co llateral emphasis in the families of their Black counterparts, and the egoc entric emphasis of White suburban families that are undergoing marital chan ge.