BACKGROUND, There have been few studies of depression in nonsmall cell lung
carcinoma (NSCLC) patients after successful treatment. The purpose of the
study was to clarify the prevalence and the correlated factors of depressio
n after surgery.
METHODS. A structured interview was conducted for patient characteristics a
nd social support with NSCLC patients at baseline. One-month prevalence of
depression at 1 and 3 months after surgery was obtained by follow-up interv
iews at 1 and 3 months after surgery, respectively, whereas that of depress
ion at 2 months after surgery was by the latter interview retrospectively.
Three-month prevalence of depression was determined as presence of depressi
on during any month in of a period of 3 months after surgery. A logistic an
alysis was used to examine the correlated factors of depression during the
3 months after surgery.
RESULTS. Of 223 consecutive cancer patients who participated in the study b
etween June 1996 and April 1999, 33 (14.8%) met the criteria for major or m
inor depression during the 3 months after surgery. One-month prevalence of
depression at I, 2, and 3 months after surgery were 9.0%, 9.4% and 5.8%, re
spectively. The results of logistic regression analysis revealed that only
satisfaction with confidants before surgery, of patient characteristics and
social support factors, was signifi- cantly associated with depression dur
ing the 3 months after surgery.
CONCLUSIONS. These results suggest that depression is not rare after succes
sful treatment for NSCLC and that social support may play an important role
for NSCLC patients with depression after successful treatment. (C) 2000 Am
erican Cancer Society.