The influence of suckling interval on milk production of sows

Citation
De. Auldist et al., The influence of suckling interval on milk production of sows, J ANIM SCI, 78(8), 2000, pp. 2026-2031
Citations number
24
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Animal Sciences
Journal title
JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE
ISSN journal
0021-8812 → ACNP
Volume
78
Issue
8
Year of publication
2000
Pages
2026 - 2031
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-8812(200008)78:8<2026:TIOSIO>2.0.ZU;2-J
Abstract
The objective of this study was to determine whether sow milk yield per gla nd could be increased by reducing the interval between suckles (suckling in terval). Eighteen sows were allocated at their first farrowing to three tre atments comprising litter sizes of 6 or 12 piglets or a cross-suckling trea tment that was imposed to increase suckling frequency. The cross-suckled tr eatment comprised two groups of six piglets each. Each suckling group was a llowed to suckle the sow during 30-min intervals each day between d 6 and d 28 of lactation. The suckling interval was shorter (P < .05) for cross-suc kled sows than for sows suckling single litters of 6 or 12 piglets during e arly lactation (d 10 to 14) and late lactation (d 24 to 28). Average piglet growth rate between birth and 28 d of age was greatest (P < .05) for pigle ts in the single litters of six and lowest for piglets in the cross-suckled treatments. Single litters of 12 piglets had the highest (P < .05) litter growth rates, followed by the cross-suckled litters and then the single lit ters of six piglets. The concentration of lactose and fat in milk from sows remained relatively stable, although milk from the cross-suckled sows cont ained more protein in early lactation (P < .05). Milk yield of sows was not significantly increased (P < .05) by the cross-suckle treatment, although during early lactation, milk yield tended to be greater from sows in the cr oss-suckle treatment than from sows suckling single litters of six (8,920 g /d vs 7,819 g/d, P < .1). The concentration of DNA and total RNA and the RN A:DNA ratio in mammary glands was unaffected by treatment (P > .05). Sows w ith single litters of 12 piglets had the greatest total DNA in their udders (P < .05). However,individual gland weights were heavier (P < .05) in cros s-suckled sows than in sows with single litters of 6 or 12 piglets. Increas ed suckling frequency seemed to play a role in increased mammary gland weig ht and milk production during lactation.