The effects of extreme early stress in very old age

Citation
R. Landau et H. Litwin, The effects of extreme early stress in very old age, J TRAUMA ST, 13(3), 2000, pp. 473-487
Citations number
48
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF TRAUMATIC STRESS
ISSN journal
0894-9867 → ACNP
Volume
13
Issue
3
Year of publication
2000
Pages
473 - 487
Database
ISI
SICI code
0894-9867(200007)13:3<473:TEOEES>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Abstract
This article examines a community-based sample of Holocaust survivors aged 75 and over, in comparison to persons of similar age and sociocultural back ground who did not personally experience the Holocaust. The analysis compar es respondents sociodemographic characteristics, interpersonal resources (l ocus of control and social network), and vulnerability, stratified by gende r (n = 194). Assessments of vulnerability (physical health, mental health, and posttraumatic stress disorder-PTSD) are compared across groups. The res ults reveal almost no differences regarding the sociodemographic and interp ersonal variables. Nevertheless, survivors are found to be more vulnerable than the others in the comparison group: (a) male survivors demonstrate a h igher prevalence of PTSD, and (b) female survivors indicate greater health- related difficulties and poorer self-rated health.