The influence of phylogeny on the social behaviour of macaques (Primates :Cercopithecidae, genus Macaca)

Citation
B. Thierry et al., The influence of phylogeny on the social behaviour of macaques (Primates :Cercopithecidae, genus Macaca), ETHOLOGY, 106(8), 2000, pp. 713-728
Citations number
49
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Animal Sciences","Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
ETHOLOGY
ISSN journal
0179-1613 → ACNP
Volume
106
Issue
8
Year of publication
2000
Pages
713 - 728
Database
ISI
SICI code
0179-1613(200008)106:8<713:TIOPOT>2.0.ZU;2-5
Abstract
The macaques are the most geographically widespread and behaviourally diver se primate genus. Many of the diversified features of social behaviour and organization in this genus have been attributed to socio-ecological differe nces. However, some core aspects of social behaviour and organization appea r to be highly conservative, suggesting a high degree of phylogenetic inert ia. A recently derived classification of macaque social organization, as we ll as a large range of social and physical traits, were analysed for 16 spe cies to ascertain the role of phylogeny in explaining the distribution of t hese traits within the genus Macaca. These traits were mapped onto two alte rnative phylogenies. The pattern of social organization, based on the degre e of asymmetry in social relations, exhibited a high and significant level of phylogenetic inertia, as did seven of the 22 individual traits compared. A profile constructed of the most likely ancestral state for this characte r matrix showed that it most closely resembles the pattern present in the B arbary macaque (M. sylvanus), which, based on both molecular and morphologi cal data, most closely resembles the ancestral macaque.